Hand-assisted positioning and contact pressure control for motion compensated robotized transcranial magnetic stimulation

Type of publication:  Artikel
Zeitschrift: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Band: [Epub ahead of print]
Jahr: 2012
Seiten: 1-8
Verlag: Springer Berlin / Heidelberg
Notiz: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
ISSN: 1861-6410
DOI: 10.1007/s11548-012-0677-6
Abriss: Purpose In Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), the principle of magnetic induction is used to stimulate the brain non-invasively. Currently, robotic TMS systems are developed to guarantee precise coil placement on the head and in this way achieve the repeatability of stimulation results. However, usability concerns such as the complicated coil positioning are still unsolved for motion compensated robotized TMS. In this paper, we demonstrate the integration of a force-torque control into a robotic TMS system to improve usability, safety, and precision. Methods We integrated a force-torque sensor between robot effector and TMS coil. Coil calibration and gravity compensation have been developed. Based on them, we have implemented hand-assisted positioning for easy and fast coil placement. Furthermore, we have enhanced the existing motion compensation algorithms with a contact pressure control. Results The positioning time for an experienced user decreased up to 40% with the help of hand-assisted positioning in comparison with not hand-assisted robotized positioning. It also enabled an inexperienced user to use the system safely. Conclusion Integration of a force-torque control into the motion compensated robotized TMS system greatly enhances system’s usability, which is a prerequisite for integration in the clinical workflow and clinical acceptance.
Nutzerfelder: affiliation={Institute for Robotics and Cognitive Systems, University of Lübeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23562 Lübeck, Germany}, keyword={Medicine},
Autoren: Richter, Lars
Bruder, Ralf
Schweikard, Achim
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